表達藝術治療問與答 ExAT Q&A
How art therapy, dance/movement therapy, and music therapy differs from Expressive Arts Therapy?
These are all examples of creative arts therapy. Most of these disciplines find grounding in a single art modality, but expressive arts therapy differs in that its practitioners draw from many art forms and apply them to therapy in an integrated fashion. Expressive arts therapists find their grounding not in a particular art form, but rather in a theoretical orientation rooted in what all the arts have in common. The use of or combination of different arts-based modalities thus becomes itself a new modality separate and distinct from the sum of its parts. Expressive Arts Therapists call upon their own creativity and training with arts-based approaches to determine which modality or combination of modalities is needed in any given moment in time.
Who can do expressive arts therapy?
Anyone can do art, and there are many ways in which the arts enter into therapy and personal healing; engaging in art with no professional support at all can still be therapeutic, people can increase their
self-awareness through art education, and some counselors incorporate creative approaches in their practices. However, only those trained in expressive arts therapy can call their work expressive arts therapy. Training offers focused attention and skill-building not only in how to use various art forms for self-expression, but also in fine-tuning aesthetic judgment, therapeutic presence, and the ability to guide people safely and meaningfully through processes that can be intense and powerful.